Omicron: Helpful health tips for managing Covid-19 in children and their caregivers | Health

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In addition to creating the greatest disruption to education systems in history and affecting nearly 1.6 billion students in more than 190 countries, Covid-19 measures are having a profound effect on health and well-being. -be children and for some the impact will be lifelong. . The World Health Organization has stressed that children and adolescents of all ages and in all countries are suffering severely from the consequences of the pandemic while the United Nations Children’s Fund has also warned that they are at risk of to be among its greatest victims.

In its data, UNICEF said: “All children, of all ages and in all countries, are affected, particularly by socio-economic impacts and, in some cases, by mitigation measures that can, inadvertently doing more harm than good. The data added: “Furthermore, the harmful effects of this pandemic will not be evenly distributed. They are expected to be most damaging to children in the poorest countries and poorest neighborhoods, as well as to those who are already in disadvantaged or vulnerable situations.

On the other hand, WHO has confirmed that SARS-CoV-2 infections in children and adolescents cause less severe illness and fewer deaths than adults. However, if children with mild or no symptoms transmit the disease, they may act as vectors of transmission within their communities.

With no vaccine planned for children and an upward trend in their infection over the past two months, the only solution seems to be stricter monitoring, doctors say. Dr Rachna Sharma, Senior Consultant in Pediatric Critical Care and Respirology at BLK-MAX Super Specialty Hospital, Delhi, has listed some useful tips that can be followed to manage Covid-19 in children and their caregivers, to ensure better recovery while preventing the spread of Covid19.

Instructions for children positive for Covid-19:

1. Keep the child in a well-ventilated room with an attached toilet

2. Keep the child away from the elderly, pregnant women, other children and people with comorbidities.

3. Assign a dedicated caregiver.

4. Keep them well hydrated.

5. Newborns can be breastfed after the mother observes hand hygiene routine and wears a mask.

6. If necessary, the Covid-19 positive mother can give expressed milk to the child via the caregiver.

7. No social gatherings or visitors should be allowed in the house.

8. Dedicated linens and cooking utensils should be used for the child and kept separate

Guidelines for caregivers:

1. Wear surgical masks at all times and change them every 6-8 hours.

2. Avoid direct contact with the body fluids of the infected child – oral or respiratory secretions and stools.

3. Use disposable gloves and a mask to handle soiled laundry or body fluids.

4. Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces such as toilets or bedroom furniture daily. Clean with bleach or 1% hypochlorite.

5. Clean the patient’s clothes, linens and towels using regular detergent in hot water or machine wash at 60-90°C.

Hand hygiene instructions:

1. Scrupulously follow hand hygiene measures.

2. Perform hand hygiene before and after removing gloves and mask.

3. Clean visibly dirty hands with soap and water.

4. Use alcohol-based hand sanitizer frequently.

5. Use disposable paper towels for drying hands. You can also use clean cloth towels. Replace frequently.

6. Dispose of gloves, masks and other waste in a bin with a lid.

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